lunes, 4 de febrero de 2019


Los alumnos de Romana estarán mañana en mi aula. He preparado este sencillo documento para jugar y aprender un rato. Lo he escrito muy rápidamente y desgraciadamente se me han escapado algunas faltas de ortografía. Espero que los alumnos de Romana los señalen y los escriban en una hoja correctamente. 

My C1 free homework and 'the magic of three'

The UK ships about 3m tonnes of waste a year to the EU, most of it household rubbish. Photograph: Janine Wiedel Photolibrary/Alamy

Exclusive: leaked emails show officials planning crisis centres to manage halt in waste exports to EU.

Government officials are preparing to deal with “putrefying stockpiles” of rubbish in the event of a no-deal Brexit, according to documents leaked to the Guardian.
If the UK leaves the EU without a deal on 29 March, export licences for millions of tonnes of waste will become invalid overnight. Environment Agency (EA) officials said leaking stockpiles could cause pollution.
The EA is also concerned that if farmers cannot export beef and lamb, a backlog of livestock on farms could cause liquid manure  stores to overflow . A senior MP said the problems could cause a public health and environmental pollution emergency. An EA source said: “It could all get very ugly, very quickly.”
The emails leaked to the Guardian were sent to EA staff, asking for 42 volunteers to staff  crisis management centres that would deal with incidents. On Tuesday the chief executive of the civil service revealed plans to move up to 5,000 staff into an emergency command and control centre in the event of no deal.
An EA email sent on Thursday, labelled “importance: high”, said crisis centres could go live on 18 February and run from 7am to 8pm seven days a week, with plans to operate 24/7 if needed. To explain the potential tasks, the email gave two examples:
1.- “If there is a no-deal scenario, the current export of waste may cease for a period. This could result in stockpiled waste which causes licence breaches,” the email said. “Odours will obviously be an issue as the stockpiled waste putrefies and there may be runoff  of leachates , causing secondary pollution.”
The email said the waste could become a high-profile issue. “It will quickly escalate into a political one because the operators will state that they have no means to move the waste.”
2.- The second example related to animal slurry . “Problems may arise in exporting livestock to the EU. In that situation, farmers may be overstocked  and unable to export lamb/beef etc. That means that they may have problems with slurry storage capacity and insufficient land spreading capability.”
The EA source said: “The examples seem like real possibilities. There’s a serious amount of panic going on.”
One of the emails told EA staff: “We are interested in any volunteers across [the environment and business division] no matter what their level of experience is, their grade, location or incident knowledge.”
Mary Creagh, the chair of parliament’s environmental audit committee, said: “The UK’s waste and recycling system is already fragile but these shocking emails show it will grind to a halt if customs checks and WTO tariffs prevent the export of millions of tonnes of waste.”
“No deal would be a green light to criminal fraudsters and create a public health and environmental pollution emergency. EA officials should not carry the can for the failings of government to get a deal through and this shows how hollow the prime minister’s promises were about protecting the environment if we leave the EU.”
An EA spokesman said: “As with the whole of government and the rest of the public sector, we are preparing responsibly for all scenarios as we exit the EU.”
As well as recycling waste, the UK ships about 3m tonnes of rubbish a year to the EU to be burned in incinerators that generate electricity. Most of this is household rubbish, which is sometimes shredded and has metal removed before being sent abroad.
If waste has to be stockpiled after a no-deal Brexit, industry experts say the populous south-east of England would be worst affected. The UK’s lack of incinerator capacity and shrinking number of landfill  sites drives the exports………..